Prof. Dr. Om Gurung, Head of the Department

Mailing Address
Tribhuwan University,Central Department of Sociology/Anthropology
Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Phone: 00977-1-4333128 (home) 4334-852 (TU Office)
Phone/Fax 00977-1-4334852


Ph. D. (Anthropology), Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1996.

M. A. (Anthropology), Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1992.

M. A. (Anthropology), University of Poona, India, 1980.

M. A. (History), Tribhuwan University, Nepal, 1978.

Area of Specialization:

Cultural Anthropology focusing particularly on Local systems of Natural Resource Management.

Language Spoken and Written:

Gurung, Nepali, Newari, English and Hindi.

Work Experience:

1980-1991, Assistant Lecturer in History at Mahendra Multiple Campus of Baglung

1992 afterward, serving continuously at the Central department of Sociology/Anthropology

of  Tribhuvan University in various capacities, such as Assistant Lecturer, Lecturer, Associate

(Reader) and Professor in anthropology.

Present Position:

Professor in Anthropology and Head of the Central Department of Sociology/Anthropology in Tribhuvan

University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Coordinator, High Level Task Force for the Revision of Official List of Indigenous Nationalities.

Membership in Professional Organizations:

Chairperson, Sociology and Anthropology Curriculum Development Committee of Tribhuvan University,


Member, Faculty Development Standing Committee of Tribhuvan university

Editorial Board Member, Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 11. Kathmandu: Central

Department of Sociology/Anthropology of Tribhuvan University, Nepal.

Editorial Board Member, Asian Anthropology sponsored by Hong Kong Anthropological Society and theDepartment of anthropology of Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Chief Adviser to Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN)

Member, Social Inclusion Program Monitoring Committee of National Planning Commission

Former General Secretary of Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN)

Former President of Sociological and Anthropological Society of Nepal (SASON)

Former Member of National Development Council

Former Member of Poverty Alleviation Fund (PAF), Nepal

Former Coordinator of Dialogue Team of NEFIN to lead the dialogue with the Government of Nepal

Former Member of the High Level Monitoring Commission on Code of Conduct of Ceasefire

Former Member, High level Local Body Reform Advisory Committee

Former Member of Executive Committee of the Center for Economic Development and Administration,

Tribhuvan University, Nepal


Visiting Fellowships:

Feb. 2008. Visiting Lecturer in Anthropology at University of Bergen, Norway.

May 2007, Guest Lecturer, Departnment of Anthropology and South Asia Program of Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

January 7- 20, 2003. Visiting Lecturer in Anthropology at Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.

April 18-21, 2002. Guest Lecturer in Anthropology at the Center for Development Studies, University of Bergen, Norway.

March 4-16, 2002. Visiting Lecturer in Anthropology at Liverpool John Moores University,Liverpool, UK.

Fellowships/Research Grants:

1999. Norwegian Universities’ Committee for Development Research and Education (NUFU) Fellowship to undertake independent research work in Norway.

Spring 1996. Dissertation Writing Support Grant from Norwegian Universities’ Committee for Development Research and Education (NUFU).

1990-95. Developing Countries Training Fellowship from Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, New York.

1992/1993. International Pre-dissertation Fellowship from Social Science Research Council (SSRC), New York.

1992/1993. Dissertation Research Grant from National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C.

1992/1993. Field Research Support Grant from World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Washington, D. C.



November 9 -10, 2009. Inequality and Affirmative Action in South Asia. Organized by Cambridge University and Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi and sponsored by British Academy, London.

August 27-29, 2009. Indigenous Peoples Meeting to Contribute to Review of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Principles and Criteria Organized by the Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and PACIFIC (RECOFTC) , Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand.

August 17-20, 2009. Should State Ratify Human Rights Conventions? International Conference Organized by the Center for Advanced Study, Oslo, Norway

Human rigjhts ConventionsHuman rightds June 20-22, 2009. Federalism and Indigenous Peoples of Nepal. Seminar organized by the India China Institute of the New School University of New York.

October 17, 2008. Ethnicity and the Issue of State Restructuring in Nepal: The Role of Indigenous Anthropologists in Nepal. A Lecture Seminar delivered at the Department of Anthropology, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin-NT-Hong Kong.

September 25-28, 2008. Nepal and India: Partners for Democracy and Development. A Seminar Organized by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India at Hotel “Taj Ganges” of Varanasi, India.

August 16-18, 2008. Role of Indigenous Nationalities in Constituent Assembly. Seminar organized in Seoul by Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities of South Korea.

Feb. 2008. Role of Ethnic Movement for Democracy and Constituent Assembly in Nepal, International Seminar organized by Non-Residential Nepalese (NRN) in Lueven and Brussels, Belgium.

August 16-17, 2007. Seminar on Indigenous Peoples of Nepal organized by Indigenous Peoples Organization of United Arab Emirates (UAE) during International Day of the World Indigenous Peoples 2007 in Dubai.

2007 May 19, 2007. Nepal Today: Challenges of Inclusive Democracy. A seminar organized by India China Institute of the New School University, Theresa Land Center, 55 W 13th Street, New York.

March 5-6, 2007. Development Dilemmas: Experiences in Conflict Affected Countries of Asia (Afghanistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka). Seminar Organized by DFID, London.

Feb. 16-19, 2007. Asia Region Preparatory Meeting on the 6th Session of UNFPII. Organized by AIPP in Phnom Process Hotel of Kompon Cham, Cambodia.

December 26, 2006. Democracy and the Situation of Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Nepal. A seminar organized by Nepalese Association of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.

October 22, 2006. Role of Non-Residential Nepalese for Democracy and Economic Development in Nepal. A seminar organized by NRN (UK) in London.

October 20, 2006. Current Status of Indigenous Peoples’ Movement in Nepal. Seminar Organized in Doha by Immigrant Nepali Indigenous Peoples’ Organization in Qatar.

June 26-30, 2006, Regional Training for Professional Staff on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Asia organized jointly by AIPP, ILO and IWGIA in Chiang Mai, Thailand

March 1-3, 2006, Regional Workshop on the Concept of Indigenous Peoples, Organized jointly by AIPP, IWGIA and Tebtebba Foundation of Philippines in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Feb. 27-28, 2006. Towards Peace and Democracy in Nepal: Role of Civil Society. Workshop organized by Crisis Management Initiative in Cooperation with the Finish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Helsinki, Finland.

October 25-26, 2005. Social Fragmentation and Economic Development in South Asia. A Seminar organized by the South Asia Program of Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

September 4 – 7. 2005, Social Activism in Nepal. A Seminar Organized by the Department of Social Anthropology of Oxford University, Oxford, UK.

May 16- 27, 2005, 4th Session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Organized by UNFPII at the UN Headquarters of New York.

September 5-8, 2005. Framework for Indigenous Peoples’ Development in Asia.Organized by AIPP, Bukidnon, Tulagan Sungko, Philippines.

Dec. 5 – 10, 2004. International Expert Meeting on Traditional Forest Related Knowledge and the Implementation of related International Commitments. Organized by Alliance of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples of the Tropical Forests. San Jose, Costa Rica

November 16 – 20, 2004. Third World Conservation Congress. Organized by IUCN, Queen Sirikit Convention Center, Bangkok, Thailand.

November 9 – 10, 2004. Asia Regional Preparatory Meeting for the UN Working Group on the Draft Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Organized by AIPP. Chiang Mai, Thailand.

March 10 – 13, 2004. Policy Dialogue: Enabling Tribals and Ethnic Groups to Manage Their Natural Resources. Organized jointly by Karl Kubel Stiftung Fur kind and Familie and International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). KKID, Koimbatore, India.

February 5 – 8, 2004, Pre-COP7 Conference organized by International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity (IIFB) at Borneo Paradise Hotel at Kinarut, Sabah, East Malaysia.

February 9 – 20, 2004. Seventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP7). Organized by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at the Putra Jaya World Trade Center of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

November 13-15, 2003. Indigenous Knowledge System and Cultural Preservation in the time of Globalization. An Interactive Media Workshop Organized by Adan Foundation, Kolkota, India.

June 16 – 20, 2003, Kick-Off Workshop on Economic Incentives for Natural Resource Management. Organized by the Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management (PREM) Program of Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije University, Amsterdam.

April 9 -18, 2002. Oral Intervention made on Human Rights Violation of British-Gurkhas during the 58th Session of the UN Commission on Human Rights, Geneva..

August 26 – 31, 2001.World Conference against Racism. Organized by the United Nations. Durban, South Africa.

August 23-24, 2001. Reality Check Workshop on Regional Poverty Assessment for Asia and Pacific. Organized by International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). New Delhi.

April 6- 18, 2001. Human Rights Violations and Racial Discrimination against the Gurkhas. A Paper Presented to the NGO Delegates of the 57th Session of the Commission on Human Rights. Geneva, Switzerland.

April 6-18, 2000. The Plights of the Gurkhas: Oral Intervention made to the Government Delegates of the 56th Session of the UN Commission on Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland

December 3-5, 1996. Participated in The First Regional Workshop on Sustainability of Post-Green Revolution Agriculture: The Rice-Wheat Cropping System of South Asia. Organized jointly by the Cornell University-USA, CIMMYT and BARC, Dhaka.

October 20-22, 1995. Participated in the 24th Annual Conference on South Asia, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

April 29-30, 1995. Participated in a Seminar on Science, Technology, and Natural Resource Management in a Comparative Global Context. Organized by the Department of Science and Technology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

November 30- December 4, 1994. Participated in the 93rd Annual Meeting of American Anthropological Association (AAA), Atlanta, Georgia, USA.


October 3, 2008. Implementation of ILO Convention 169 in Nepal. National Seminar organized jointly by NEFIN, NFDIN, NIWF and ILO/Nepal at Hotel Malla, Kathmandu

2008. Nepal Inclusion Index. Seminar Organized by the World Bank and National Planning Commission. Kathmandu

December 18-19, 2007. Conference on the System of Government, organized by Constitution Advisory Support Unit (CASU) of UNDP/Nepal. Godawari Village Resort, Lalitpur, Nepal.

September 2-4, 2007. Issues for Nepal’s New Constitution. A National Seminar Organized by B. P. Kouirala India-Nepal Foundation. Kathmandu

2006. Gender and Social Inclusion. A National Seminar Organized by the World Bank. Kathmandu.

January 19 – 20-, 2005. National Dialogue Conference on ILO Convention 169 0n Indigenous and Tribal Peoples and Peace Building in Nepal. Jointly organized by NFDIN, NEFIN and ILO/Nepal.

November 21 – 23, 2004. Paper presented in a National Seminar on Role of Social Sciences in Conflict Management. Organized by Sociological and Anthropological Society of Nepal (SASON), Kathmandu, Nepal.

January 5, 2003. Indigenous Knowledge and Health Practices in Nepal: A Research paper presented at the Dialogue Session of CERID at Tribhuvan University of Nepal.

March 9 -11, 2001. Coordinator for International Human Rights Conference on Discriminatory Treatment of the British Army Gurkhas. Organized by GAESO Kathmandu.

January 16-20, 2000. Review of the Development Works done by NEFEN and HMG for Indigenous People of Nepal. A Paper Presented at the National Consultation Seminar on Integrated Strategies for Promoting Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Nepal. Organized jointly by the Nepal Federation of Nationalities (NEFEN) and MRG International /UK.

September 18-20, 1999. Social and Cultural Effects of the Gurkha Recruitment. A Seminar Paper Presented at the International Conference on the Plight of the Gurkhas. Organized by the Gurkha Army Ex-Servicemen’s Organization (GAESO). Kathmandu, Nepal.

July 27-29, 1999. Resource Person for SAARC Seminar on the Gender and Sociological Issues related to Tuberculosis and DOTS in the Hard to Access Areas and Private Sector. Organized jointly by SAARC Tuberculosis Center and Nuffield Institute for Health. Kathmandu, Nepal

September 2-3, 1998. UN Declaration and Indigenous People of Nepal. A Seminar Paper Presented at the National Seminar cum Workshop on Indigenous People’s Rights and Privileges. Organized jointly by the National Committee for World Indigenous People’s Day and Nepal Federation of Nationalities (NEFEN). Kathmandu, Nepal

March 16-19, 1997. Local Institutions, Cultural Practices and Resource Management. A Seminar Paper Presented at the International Conference on Anthropology and Sociology of Nepal: Cultures, Societies, Ecology and Development. Organized jointly by SASON and Dept. of Sociology/Anthropology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Research Projects:

2009 National Authority Assessment for Institutionalization of Social Inclusion Research Fund (SIRF). Funded by SNV/Nepal.

August 2008. Bringing Marginalized and Highly Marginalized Indigenous Peoples into the Mainstream Development Programs. Funded by ADB.

June 2008. Social Inclusion: Policies and Practices in Nepal. A Research Policy Paper Submitted to the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) in Nepal as a Thematic Input Paper for the Swiss Strategy for Nepal (2009-2012).

November 2007. An Assessment of the UN International Decade of the World Indigenous Peoples (1995-2004). Funded by IFAD through ICIMOD/Nepal.

June 2006, Baseline Survey of Highly Marginalized Janajatis (HMJs) in Nepal. Funded by DFID/ESP through Janajti Empowerment Project.

2006. Maoist Insurgency and its Impact on Internally Displaced Indigenous Peoples of Nepal. A research project funded by the World Bank.

2005. Social Exclusion and Child Labour in Nepal. A Research Project funded by the ILO/Nepal

2004. Demographic Situation of Indigenous Peoples of Nepal in the National Census of 2001. Funded by UNFPA/Nepal

2004. ILO Convention- 169 and Its Advocacy Campaign in Nepal. Funded by ILO/Nepal Program.

2003/04 Documentation of Indigenous Knowledge and Biodiversity Conservation Practices among Lapcha Communities of East Nepal and Raji Communities of West Nepal. Funded by NCIV, Netherlands.

2003. Economic Incentives and Poaching of one-Horned Rhinos in Nepal. Funded by the Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management (PREM) Program of Vrije University of Amsterdam.

July 2002. Indigenous Technology of Dalit Communities of Nepal. Funded by Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG).

May/June 2001. Assessing Community Management of Himalayan Musk Deer in Sagarmatha National Park. Funded by Simon Fraser University, Canada.

December 2000 – February 2001. Livestock Production System in Upper Karnali Region. An Initial Fact Finding Research Study funded by IFAD through ICIMOD.

July-August 2000. Caste and Gender Analysis of Livelihood Patterns in Jumla District. An Ethnographic Research Study conducted for IFAD’s Western Upland Development Program in Nepal.

Feb-March 2000. Mid-term Review of an Integrated Agriculture Development Program (IADP) in Sikles Sector of Annapurna Conservation Area. Funded by Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP), Pokhara, Nepal.

2000. An Assessment of Anti-Poaching Operations in Royal Chitwan and Royal Bardiya National Parks of Nepal. Funded by WWF Nepal.

1996-1997. Socio-economic Analysis of New Technology Adoption for Wheat Cultivation in Zero Tillage Wet Lands in Bhairahawa Region. Funded by CIIFAD of Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

Major Publications:

International Books and Journals:

Ethnic Movement and Indigenous Women in Contemporary Nepal (forthcoming) in Wendy Harcourt, Smitu Kothari, Mumtaj Khawar and Bina Pradhan (ed.) Women in Political Conflict in South Asia. India: Jet Book Publication

January 2008. Co-author of Assessing the Prospects for Community-Based Wildlife Management: The Himalayan Musk Deer (Moschos chrysogaster) in Nepal. A Research Article Published in Human Dimensions of Wildlife. Vol. 13, Issue 1 January 2008 London: Sage Publication.

April 2008. Ratification of ILO Convention No. 169 2005 by Nepal published in ILO Newsletter special issue on Indigenous and tribal Peoples. International Labor Office, Geneva.

2006. Indigenous Peoples of Nepal in Sille Stidsen (ed.) Indigenous World: Copenhagen: IWGIA

2005. Indigenous Peoples of Nepal. In Sille Stidsen (ed.) Indigenous World :Copenhagen: IWGIA
National Books and Journals:

2009. Social Inclusion: Policies and Practices in Nepal. In Om Gurung and et,all (ed.) Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology, Vol 11 2009.Kathmandu: Central Department of Sociology/Anthropology of Tribhuvan University.

2008. Historical Development of Anthropological Theory (reprinted). In Netra Kumar Ojha et.all (ed.) SASS Journal (Vol. III). Kathmandu: Scoiology/Anthropology Students’ Society (SASS).

2007. Political conflict and Indigenous Peoples in Nepal (co-author). In Pyakuryal Kailash and Kathryn March et. all (ed.) Nepal in Conflict: Theoretical Understandings, Conflict Resolution, and Peace Building, Kathmandu: Sociological/Anthropological society of Nepal (SASON).

2005. Co-editor of ILO Convention No. 169 and Peace Building in Nepal. Kathmandu:NEFIN and ILO/Nepal.

2004. Co-author. Development of Nationalities: A Strategy Paper. Kathmandu: Nationalities Development Coordination Center (NDCC).

2003. Lagi-lagitya Relations: Forms of Inter-Caste Economic Interdependency in Mid-West Nepal. In Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology. Kirtipur: Central Department of Sociology/Anthropology, TU.

1999. Co-editor. Anthropology and Sociology of Nepal: Cultures, Societies, Ecology and Development. Kathmandu: Sociological and Anthropological Society of Nepal (SASON).1999.

1999. Local Institutions, Cultural Practices and Resource Management in the Nepal Hills. In Om Gurung and Ram Bahadur Chhetri (ed.). Anthropology and Sociology of Nepal: Cultures, Societies, Ecology and Development. Kathmandu: Sociological and Anthropological Society of Nepal (SASON).

1998. Local Institutions, Development Objectives and Resource Management. In Uttam Upreti, et. all (ed.). Discourse. Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Patan Multiple Campus, Lalitpur

1997/98. Demographic and Environmental Effects of Mining Industry in the Western Hills of Nepal. In Pratyoush Onta and Mary Des Chene (ed.). Studies in Nepali History and Society. Vol. 2. No. 2, Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point.

1994. Historical Dynamics of Resource Degradation in the Nepal Himalayas. In Michael Allen (ed.). Anthropology of Nepal : Peoples, Problems, and Processes. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point.

1990. Sociology and Anthropology: an Emerging Field of Study in Nepal. In Stephen L. Mikesell (ed.). Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology. Vol. II, Kathmandu: Tribhuwan University, Central Department of Sociology/Anthropology.

1987. Native Strategies for Resource Management. In James Fisher (ed.), Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology. Vol. I, Kathmandu: Tribhuwan University, Department of Sociology/Anthropology.

Some of the Recent Publications (in Nepali):

  • Nepalma Antarastriya Sram Sangathan Mahasandhi-169 ko Sandarbhikta (Relevance of ILO Convetion-169 in Nepal). also forthcoming in THASANG 2065 (2008) to be published soon by Thakali Research Center, Kathmandu.
  • Antarastriya Sram Sangathan Mahasandhi-169 (Translated into Nepali) Reprinted by Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN) 2065 (2008)
  • Sambidhan Sabhama Jatiya Pratinidhitwo (Ethnic Representation in the Constituent Assembly) in THORMYO2065 (2008) Published by Dautari
  • Sambidhan Sabhama Utsahi Janajatiharu (Excited Indigenous Peoples in Constituent Assembly) in Himal Khabar Patrika (Ashar1-16) 2065 (2008).
  • Sambidhansabhako Nirbachanprati Adibasi janjajatiharuko Dristikon (Indigenous Peoples’ Perspective towards the Election of Constituent Assembly) in Tamu Tho Su Vol 2. 2064 (2007) Published by Tamu Tho Hyul, Hong Kong.
  • Magnsirma Sambidhan Sabhako Nirbachanko Ghosana: Yathabat Ashankaharu (The Announcement of the Election of Constituent Assembly in November: The Doubt as it is) in THORMYO 2064 (2007) published by Dautari.
  • Gurung Sangathanko Ektabare (About the Unity of Gurung Organizations) in Tamu Que 2064 (2007). Published by Tamu Dhin, South Korea.
  • Nepalko Sanghiya Rajya Samrachanako Sworup tatha Adhar (The Form and Basis of Federal State Structure of Nepal) in Bishwo Adibashi Diwas 2064 (2007) Biseshank. Published by Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN).
  • Nepalma Janajati Samasya ra Swayatwa Shasanko ko Prasna (Indigenous Issues and Question of Autonomy in Nepal) in Sita Ram Tamang (ed.) Nepalko Sandarvama Rajyako Punrsamrachana (The Restructuring of State in the Context of Nepal). Kathmandu: Samana Prakashan 2062 (2005).
  • Antarastriya Sram Sangathan Mahasandhi-169: Advocacy Mannual. Published by NEFIN 2061 (2004)
  • Biswo Adibasi Dasakko Samiktsya (An Assessment of the World Indigenous Decade) in Bishwo Adibashi Diwas 2061 (2004) Biseshank. Published by Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN)
  • Janajati Bikasko Jukti (co-author). Published by Janajati Bikas Samanwoya Kendra 2057 (2000)


National: Baglung, Myagdi, Parbat, Mustang, Kaski, Syangja, Tanahu, Gorkha, Lamjung, Dhading, Chitwan, Makwanpur, Bara, Parsa, Sarlahi, Mahotari, Rautahat, Sindhuli, Dhanusa, Siraha, Saptari, Sunsari, Morang, Jhapa, Dhankutta, Ilam, Kathamdnu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Kavre, Sindhupalchok, Dolakha, Ramechhap, Solukhumbu, Palpa, Rupandehi, Nawalparasi, Kapilbastu, Dang, Pyuthan, Gulmi, Arghakhanchi, Banke, Bardiya, Surkhet, Kailali, Kanchanpur, Humla, Jumla, Mugu and Darchula.

International: USA, Canada, Australia, Bolivia, Panama, Costa Rica, United Kingdom, Norway, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg, France, Switzerland, Italy, Germany, Spain, South Africa, Japan, Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia, South Korea, Thailand, Hong Kong, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Pakistan and India.